Civil litigation lawsuit is when two or more parties become involved in a non-criminal dispute. The case heads to trial, where the plaintiff holds the defendant accountable for a wrongful action and seeks monetary compensation for damages. The standard for proof is less rigid in a civil lawsuit as compared to a criminal lawsuit. To win a civil litigation case, the attorney must present credible evidence before the jury to meet the evidence standards. 

Types of Civil Litigation

Civil litigation cases cover different types of legal disagreements that involve seeking compensation in terms of money or actions. Following are the different non-criminal civil litigation disputes:

  • Personal Injury and intellectual property claims
  • Medical malpractice issues
  • Education law disputes
  • Employment or labor disagreements
  • Divorce-related lawsuits

Process of a civil litigation lawsuit

Every civil law case is unique but goes through a series of different stages. You should seek the expertise of a civil lawyer while pursuing a civil lawsuit. Your attorney will help you gain a comprehensive outlook of your case and assist you in determining the appropriate court (federal or state) for your case. 

Here is the list of steps your attorney will follow while pursuing your civil litigation proceeding:


During a civil investigation, your lawyer will analyze and collect all the pieces of evidence necessary for the trial. Your lawyer may take the assistance of a private investigator to find out all the details and proofs under law enforcement. 


Once your attorney completes the investigation, the process of filing the complaint/ pleading begins. Your attorney will assist you in filing the complaint in court and send a copy of the complaint to the defendant. It includes:

  • The plaintiff’s damages or injuries 
  • How the defendant is responsible for the damages suffered by the plaintiff
  • Appeal from court to order relief

After receiving the copy of the complaint, the defendant can file the responding paperwork called “answer.” It will include the defendant’s justifications regarding the accusations or a counter-claim on the case.


The process of discovery is the longest and the most labor-intensive stage of the civil lawsuit. The investigators or attorneys may review documents, examine the scene, testify witnesses, and carry out in-depth legal research to gather vital pieces of information to strengthen the case. 

Pre-trial or Trial

The case proceeds for a pre-trial, where negotiations begin. Sometimes both the parties reach an agreeable statement without going to court. However, the case goes to trial if the parties cannot agree to a statement. During a trial, both the lawyers present their case by showing the collected discovery before the jury. The judge deliberates the issue in-depth and announces the verdict. 


A party can call for a new trial if they disagree with the verdict. However, a party can present their case to an appellate court if they still don’t agree to the trial’s verdict. The appellate court will review the civil lawsuit and find discrepancies and accordingly affirm, reverse the judgment, or order a new trial.

About The Wotitzky Law Firm

If you’re searching for Florida’s civil litigation lawyer then, The Wotitzky Law Firm is the one-stop destination for you. We are a trusted law practice with significant experience in civil litigation, business and corporate law, family law, and personal injury. Our team includes highly competent and experienced legal professionals and attorneys committed to providing the best services to meet all your legal needs. To know more about our civil litigation attorney, contact us on +1 941-639-2171 or write an email to us at